The Introduction of Bioptic Driving in The Netherlands (2008)
Kooijman AC1, Melis-Dankers BJ, Peli E, Brouwer WH, Pijnakker P, Van Delden G, Van Pluuren E, Van Iddekinge B, Derksen P, Busscher RB, Bredewoud RA, Van Rosmalen JH, Postema FJ, Wanders I, De Vries J and Witvliet JM
In many states of the U.S.A., people with moderately reduced visual acuity e.g., 20/50 - 20/200) can legally drive with the aid of a small, spectacle-mounted ("bioptic") telescope. In this paper, we describe the framework of the project from conception through to realization of BDA's primary objective - the introduction of bioptic driving as a legal option for visually impaired people in The Netherlands.
Current Perspectives of Bioptic Driving in Low Vision (2016)
Robert Chun, Maria Cucuras, Walter.M Jay
In this review, the authors discuss the current perspectives of spectacle-mounted telescopes (bioptics) used for driving among patients with vision impairments. The history, design, driving laws surrounding bioptic use, and developing programs in The Netherlands and Canada are discussed. Patients who have certain visual requirements and stable disease status may be eligible candidates to consider using a bioptic aid for driving. Given the high prevalence of depression among visually impaired patients, low vision specialists can work with neuro-ophthalmologists to maximise the independence and visual function of patients who have permanent vision impairments but capable of maintaining driving privileges.
First bioptic driver 1971 - video on becoming one, training steps and stories to 2009
Bioptic Driving Movie by Low Vision Centers of Indiana
In March 1971, California licensed the first bioptic driver.
Produced by the Low Vision Centers of Indiana , this movie explains the steps in becoming a bioptic driver, who is a good candidate and the training to become licensed. Animations explain how the bioptic is used. The movie is an ideal starting point for someone interested in bioptic driving. It features Dr. Laura K Windsor, patients of the Low Vision Centers of Indiana, and Sue Henderson, a driving rehabilitation specialist from South Bend Memorial Hospital. The movie is designed to present a good overview of the process of becoming a bioptic driver and the impact it has on patients lives. The doctors of the Low Vision Centers of Indiana have fit hundreds of bioptic drivers.